[St. Pachomius Library]

Holy Apostle Andrew the First-Called

I Century
A native of Bethsaida, St. Andrew was a fisherman who had been a disciple of John the Baptist before becoming the first-called of Christ's 12 apostles. Andrew is mentioned several times in the four gospels, and the apocryphal Acts of Andrew, Acts of Andrew and Matthias, and Acts of Peter may tell the story of the rest of his life. The patron of Russia and Scotland, Andrew preached at Byzantium, Scythia, and Greece; legends say that he also taught in Ethiopia. Andrew was martyred c. 60 at Patras. Fourth-century accounts say that he was crucified, and later accounts say that the cross was X-shaped.

Karen Rae Keck

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