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St. Andrew's, Scotland

The Holy Apostle Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland, and some relics of him were long venerated in the coastal town which because of their presence became the spiritual centre of the country. They are often said to have been brought from Patras by St. Regulus, but the life of this saint raises many historical difficulties, and modern writers have leaned toward the idea that the relics were in fact brought first to England by the VII Century Roman mission, then to Northumbria and specifically Whithorn in Galloway by St. Acca of Hexham, and finally to St. Andrew's. Whether this is true or not, the relics were central to Scottish religious life in both the later Orthodox and the Roman Catholic periods; they were lost in the Reformation, of which St. Andrew's and especially its university played an important role.

Norman Hugh Redington


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