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King James Version
- Now at that time Judith heard thereof, which was the daughter of
Merari, the son of Ox, the son of Joseph, the son of Ozel, the son of
Elcia, the son of Ananias, the son of Gedeon, the son of Raphaim, the son
of Acitho, the son of Eliu, the son of Eliab, the son of Nathanael, the
son of Samael, the son of Salasadal, the son of Israel.
- And Manasses was her husband, of her tribe and kindred, who died in
the barley harvest. COMMENTARY
- For as he stood overseeing them that bound sheaves in the field, the
heat came upon his head, and he fell on his bed, and died in the city of
Bethulia: and they buried him with his fathers in the field between
Dothaim and Balamo. COMMENTARY
- So Judith was a widow in her house three years and four months.
- And she made her a tent upon the top of her house, and put on
sackcloth upon her loins and ware her widow's apparel.
- And she fasted all the days of her widowhood, save the eves of the
sabbaths, and the sabbaths, and the eves of the new moons, and the new
moons and the feasts and solemn days of the house of Israel. COMMENTARY
- She was also of a goodly countenance, and very beautiful to behold:
and her husband Manasses had left her gold, and silver, and menservants
and maidservants, and cattle, and lands; and she remained upon them.
- And there was none that gave her an ill word; ar she feared God
- Now when she heard the evil words of the people against the
governor, that they fainted for lack of water; for Judith had heard all
the words that Ozias had spoken unto them, and that he had sworn to
deliver the city unto the Assyrians after five days;
- Then she sent her waitingwoman, that had the government of all
things that she had, to call Ozias and Chabris and Charmis, the ancients
of the city. COMMENTARY
- And they came unto her, and she said unto them, Hear me now, O ye
governors of the inhabitants of Bethulia: for your words that ye have
spoken before the people this day are not right, touching this oath which
ye made and pronounced between God and you, and have promised to deliver
the city to our enemies, unless within these days the Lord turn to help
- And now who are ye that have tempted God this day, and stand instead
of God among the children of men? COMMENTARY
- And now try the Lord Almighty, but ye shall never know any thing.
- For ye cannot find the depth of the heart of man, neither can ye
perceive the things that he thinketh: then how can ye search out God, that
hath made all these things, and know his mind, or comprehend his purpose?
Nay, my brethren, provoke not the Lord our God to anger. COMMENTARY
- For if he will not help us within these five days, he hath power to
defend us when he will, even every day, or to destroy us before our
- Do not bind the counsels of the Lord our God: for God is not as man,
that he may be threatened; neither is he as the son of man, that he should
be wavering. COMMENTARY
- Therefore let us wait for salvation of him, and call upon him to
help us, and he will hear our voice, if it please him.
- For there arose none in our age, neither is there any now in these
days neither tribe, nor family, nor people, nor city among us, which
worship gods made with hands, as hath been aforetime.
- For the which cause our fathers were given to the sword, and for a
spoil, and had a great fall before our enemies.
- But we know none other god, therefore we trust that he will not
dispise us, nor any of our nation. COMMENTARY
- For if we be taken so, all Judea shall lie waste, and our
shall be spoiled; and he will require the profanation thereof at our
- And the slaughter of our brethren, and the captivity of the country,
and the desolation of our inheritance, will he turn upon our heads among
the Gentiles, wheresoever we shall be in bondage; and we shall be an
offence and a reproach to all them that possess us.
- For our servitude shall not be directed to favour: but the Lord our
God shall turn it to dishonour. COMMENTARY
- Now therefore, O brethren, let us shew an example to our brethren,
because their hearts depend upon us, and the sanctuary, and the house, and
the altar, rest upon us. COMMENTARY
- Moreover let us give thanks to the Lord our God, which trieth us,
even as he did our fathers. COMMENTARY
- Remember what things he did to Abraham, and how he tried Isaac, and
what happened to Jacob in Mesopotamia of Syria, when he kept the sheep of
Laban his mother's brother. COMMENTARY
- For he hath not tried us in the fire, as he did them, for the
examination of their hearts, neither hath he taken vengeance on us: but
the Lord doth scourge them that come near unto him, to admonish them.
- Then said Ozias to her, All that thou hast spoken hast thou spoken
with a good heart, and there is none that may gainsay thy words. COMMENTARY
- For this is not the first day wherein thy wisdom is manifested; but
from the beginning of thy days all the people have known thy
understanding, because the disposition of thine heart is good. COMMENTARY
- But the people were very thirsty, and compelled us to do unto them
as we have spoken, and to bring an oath upon ourselves, which we will not
- Therefore now pray thou for us, because thou art a godly woman, and
the Lord will send us rain to fill our cisterns, and we shall faint no
- Then said Judith unto them, Hear me, and I will do a thing, which
shall go throughout all generations to the children of our nation. COMMENTARY
- Ye shall stand this night in the gate, and I will go forth with my
waitingwoman: and within the days that ye have promised to deliver the
city to our enemies the Lord will visit Israel by mine hand. COMMENTARY
- But enquire not ye of mine act: for I will not declare it unto you,
till the things be finished that I do. COMMENTARY
- Then said Ozias and the princes unto her, Go in peace, and the Lord
God be before thee, to take vengeance on our enemies.
- So they returned from the tent, and went to their wards. COMMENTARY
- General: Judith:
- v. 4, "widow":
For Judith as exemplary widow, see
Apostolic Constitutions, III, vii; VIII, xxv.
- v. 5, "sackcloth":
St. Jerome [Ep. 54, xvi] says this "indicated
not so much regret for her dead husband as the temper
in which she looked forward to the coming of the Bridegroom."
Judith's attire shows her to be a monastic.
- v. 6, "fasted":
For Judith and the power of fasting, see
Apostolic Constitutions, V, xx.
- v. 6, "all the days":
For Judith as example of continual prayer, see
Apostolic Constitutions, III, vii.
- v. 6, "scourge ... admonish":
"He that draws near to knowledge has the benefit of perils,
fears, troubles, afflictions, by reason of his desire for the
truth," [St. Clement of Alex., Strom. II, vii].
Orthodox Library, St. Philip's Day, 2007.
Have mercy, O Lord, upon Thy servants
the scribe John, the priest Peter, the Pakistani nation,
and the parishioners of the temple of Saint Andrew in Lubbock.
THE END, AND TO GOD BE THE GLORY!