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- Then was it declared to Holofernes, the chief captain of the army of
Assur, that the children of Israel had prepared for war, and had shut up
the passages of the hill country, and had fortified all the tops of the
high hills and had laid impediments in the champaign countries: COMMENTARY
- Wherewith he was very angry, and called all the princes of Moab, and
the captains of Ammon, and all the governors of the sea coast, COMMENTARY
- And he said unto them, Tell me now, ye sons of Chanaan, who this
people is, that dwelleth in the hill country, and what are the cities that
they inhabit, and what is the multitude of their army, and wherein is
their power and strength, and what king is set over them, or captain of
their army; COMMENTARY
- And why have they determined not to come and meet me, more than all
the inhabitants of the west. COMMENTARY
- Then said Achior, the captain of all the sons of Ammon, Let my lord
now hear a word from the mouth of thy servant, and I will declare unto
thee the truth concerning this people, which dwelleth near thee, and
inhabiteth the hill countries: and there shall no lie come out of the
mouth of thy servant. COMMENTARY
- This people are descended of the Chaldeans:
- And they sojourned heretofore in Mesopotamia, because they would not
follow the gods of their fathers, which were in the land of Chaldea.
- For they left the way of their ancestors, and worshipped the God of
heaven, the God whom they knew: so they cast them out from the face of
their gods, and they fled into Mesopotamia, and sojourned there many days.
- Then their God commanded them to depart from the place where they
sojourned, and to go into the land of Chanaan: where they dwelt, and were
increased with gold and silver, and with very much cattle. COMMENTARY
- But when a famine covered all the land of Chanaan, they went down
into Egypt, and sojourned there, while they were nourished, and became
there a great multitude, so that one could not number their nation.
- Therefore the king of Egypt rose up against them, and dealt subtilly
with them, and brought them low with labouring in brick, and made them
- Then they cried unto their God, and he smote all the land of Egypt
with incurable plagues: so the Egyptians cast them out of their sight.
- And God dried the Red sea before them,
- And brought them to mount Sina, and Cades-Barne, and cast forth all
that dwelt in the wilderness. COMMENTARY
- So they dwelt in the land of the Amorites, and they destroyed by
their strength all them of Esebon, and passing over Jordan they possessed
all the hill country. COMMENTARY
- And they cast forth before them the Chanaanite, the Pherezite, the
Jebusite, and the Sychemite, and all the Gergesites, and they dwelt in
that country many days. COMMENTARY
- And whilst they sinned not before their God, they prospered, because
the God that hateth iniquity was with them.
- But when they departed from the way which he appointed them, they
were destroyed in many battles very sore, and were led captives into a
land that was not their's, and the temple of their God was cast to the
ground, and their cities were taken by the enemies.
- But now are they returned to their God, and are come up from the
places where they were scattered, and have possessed Jerusalem, where
their sanctuary is, and are seated in the hill country; for it was
- Now therefore, my lord and governor, if there be any error against
this people, and they sin against their God, let us consider that this
shall be their ruin, and let us go up, and we shall overcome them. COMMENTARY
- But if there be no iniquity in their nation, let my lord now pass
by, lest their Lord defend them, and their God be for them, and we become
a reproach before all the world. COMMENTARY
- And when Achior had finished these sayings, all the people standing
round about the tent murmured, and the chief men of Holofernes, and all
that dwelt by the sea side, and in Moab, spake that he should kill him.
- For, say they, we will not be afraid of the face of the children of
Israel: for, lo, it is a people that have no strength nor power for a
strong battle COMMENTARY
- Now therefore, lord Holofernes, we will go up, and they shall be a
prey to be devoured of all thine army. COMMENTARY
- v. 6, "descended of the Chaldeans":
"Egypt mourns the firstborn of her own reasonings and
actions which are also called in the Scripture the Seed
of the Chaldeans removed, and the children of
Babylon dashed against the rocks,"
[St. Greg. Theol., Orat. XLV, xv].
Orthodox Library, St. Philip's Day, 2007.
Have mercy, O Lord, upon Thy servants
the scribe John, the priest Peter, the Pakistani nation,
and the parishioners of the temple of Saint Andrew in Lubbock.
THE END, AND TO GOD BE THE GLORY!