St. Vincent of Lérins
Born into a noble Gallic family, Vincent may have been the brother of
St. Lupus of Troyes
and may have served in the army before entering the monastery of
became a priest and is said to have educated Sts. Salonus and Veranus, the
Eucherius of Lyons. Known for his
of dogma, Vincent wrote the Commonitorium (literally,
which he presents the criteria for establishing the correctness of
have been believed everywhere, always, by the community of believers. He
the relationship between scripture and the church: scripture is the
ground of the Christian
faith, and the church's authority interprets the scripture. The work was
pseudonym Peregrinus, Pilgrim.
by some of the extreme arguments advanced against
considered Augustine an innovator whose
thinking is not
with the criteria for orthodoxy (especially on the issue of
predestination). As a result,
Vincent was attacked
by St. Prosper of Aquitaine as a
semi-Pelagian. His writings, however, are in accord with the conventional
Orthodox theological position, and have enjoyed more popularity in Eastern
than Western circles. Even in the West, however, he is venerated as a
his feast day is 24 May.
Karen Rae Keck and Norman Hugh Redington
- Commonitoria II pro Catholicæ
fidei antiquitate et universitate
(Two Aids for Remembering the Antiquity and Universality
of the Catholic Faith).
St. Vincent's most important work, emphasizing the
faith and works in opposition to
It was written under the pseudonym "Peregrinus"
or "A Pilgrim". As the title implies, there were originally
two books, but the second was somehow lost or stolen in
the author's lifetime. The last five chapters of the
existing text are all that survives of it, or, according
to other sources, are St. VIncent's own summation of it
Return to St Pachomius Library.