Stephen IX/X, Pope of Rome
Born Frederick of Lorraine c. 1000, Stephen IX/X was
abbot of Monte Cassino when he was elected to the papacy
in 1057. A cousin of Leo IX, who had appointed him papal
chancellor and librarian in 1051, Frederick accompanied
Leo on his campaign against the Normans and was papal
legate to Constantinople three years later. Stephen was
interested in the Patarines, a group that wanted to end
simony and to enforce clerical celibacy, and convened a
synod to address the issues. He hoped to end the schism
with Constantinople that became final while he was papal
legate there by uniting the sees against the Normans.
Stephen died in 1058, while planning to finance a war
against the Normans with the treasury of Monte Cassino.
He was also planning to crown his brother Godfrey Holy
Karen Rae Keck
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