St. Sophronius, Patriarch of Jerusalem
Patriarch St. Sophronius of Jerusalem was called the Sophist
because of his knowledge of Greek. He was an ardent opponent
of his writings, including the Florilegium
and the life of St. John the Almsgiver, are no longer extant. He wrote
an encomium on
John and Cyrus and composed 23 anacreontic odes on the
of the church. His Christmas homily of 634 suggests that the Saracens
held Bethlehem at that time. (Historians had dated the event later). The
Orthodox remember St. Sophronius chiefly as the author of
the life of St. Mary of Egypt.
Sophronius was born in
Damascus around 560. He and his friend
became ascetics together while they were in their late teens or early
Some say they lived near the Jordan; some say they lived in Egypt. In 605,
Sophronius fled to Alexandria in the wake of Persian invaders, and when
Persians invaded Alexandria in 616, he fled to Rome. In 619, he returned
to Palestine and lived in the
Theodosius monastery in Jerusalem. When
Cyrus of Alexandria
began to preach monothelitism, St. Sophronius
to that city to argue against him; in 633, when
Patriarch Sergius of
also began to preach monothelitism, St. Sophronius travelled to that city
against him. Neither visit was successful. After Sophronius was elected
Jerusalem in 634, he wrote the Synodical Letter to
two wills of Christ.
In 637, the
Muslims captured Jerusalem; St. Sophronius died a year later
at the fall of his city.
Karen Rae Keck
Epistola ad Arcadium Cyprianum.
Arcadius of Cyprus to support
him against the Monoenergist compromise.
--- Christus Rex
No. 20: 1-54:
Describing the city of Jerusalem.
--- Christus Rex
Die anakreontischen Gedichte Nr. 19 und Nr. 20.
Greek with German translation by H. Donner,
(Heidelberg: Winter, 1981).
- De baptismate Apostolorum
(On the Baptism of the Apostles).
Fragmentary; also attributed to Theodoret
- Writings on
Sts. Cyrus and John:
- De SS. Cyri et Joannis.
- Vita Acephala SS. Cyri et Joannis.
- Vita SS. Cyri et Joannis -- Laudes.
- Vita SS. Cyri et Joannis -- Miracula.
Journal of Theological Studies
- John Duffy:
Observations on Sophronius'
"Miracles of Cyrus and John", (1984).
- John Duffy:
The Miracles of Cyrus and John --
New Old Readings from the Manuscript,
Illinois Classical Studies (12/1): 169.
Syriac text of lost Greek original, with
French translation by Micheline Albert
(Turnhout: Brepols, 1978).
Epistola synodica ad Sergium CP
(Synodical Letter to Sergius of Constantinople).
A strong attack on monothelitism.
Scholium on a passage in Basil.
Lettre de Sophrone de Jérusalem
á Arcadius de Chypre.
In Deiparæ Annuntiationem
(On the Annunciation of the Theotokos).
(On the Meeting of the Lord).
In Exaltationem S. Crucis
(On the Exaltation of the Holy Cross).
De festo S. Crucis
(On the Feast of the Holy Cross).
De Sanctis Angelis et Archangelis.
In S. Joannem Baptistam.
In SS. Apostolos Petrum et Paulum.
In S. Joannem Theologum.
PG 87(III):3363 and 1:769.
De peccatorum confessione
(On the Confession of Sins).
(Madrid: IAN, 1975).
Carrying on the Work of the Earlier Firm --
Doctors, Medicine, and Christianity in the
Thaumata of Sophronius of Jerusalem, (2005).
Health in Antiquity edited by H. King,
(London: Routledge, 2005).
Emphasises continuity between pagan and Christian
Vita S. Anastasii martyris.
Vita S. Mariæ Ægyptiacæ
This story of a prostitute's conversion
life of miraculous asceticism is so important
to the Eastern Orthodox that it is read aloud in
church during the fifth week of Lent.
--- ORTHODOX PAGE
A Prayer to the Theotokos.
--- Catholic Doors
- In Christi natalitia
(On the Nativity of Christ).
- De laboribus, certaminibus,
et peregrinationibus SS. Petri et Pauli.
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