Tyrannius Rufinus of Aquileia
Tyrannius Rufinus was born c. 345 in Aquileia. He studied in Rome, where
he met Jerome, who encouraged him to become a monk. In 371, Rufinus
travelled to Egypt to live in the Nitrian desert. He became a
disciple of Didymus of Alexandria, and John of Jerusalem
ordained Rufinus in 390. He may have founded, with his patron,
St. Melania the Elder, a monastery on the Mount of Olives. In 393, both
and Jerome were accused of Origenism. The two quarrled. Jerome later
attacked Rufinus' translation of Origen's First Principles and
that it omitted much to make Origen's theology palatable. Rufinus answered
accusations in a letter to Anastasius I, who was convinced of Rufinus'
Best known as a translator, Rufinus died in 410.
Rufinus also translated works by Pamphilius of Cæsarea, Gregory of
Nazianzus, and Basil the Great. Rufinus translated and extended the
Ecclesiastical History of Eusebius; his continuation was the first
history of the western church. Rufinus' commentary on the Apostles'
Creed contains the earliest known continuous Latin text of the creed.
Karen Rae Keck
- WORKS: (Valuable, but perhaps overinfluenced by Origen.
Read with caution)
Return to St Pachomius Library.