[St. Pachomius Library]

St. Mesrob Mashtotz

IV/V Century
Mesrop, who is also called Mashtotz, was born c. 361/62 Hatsek in Tarawn, Armenia. He was a soldier and secretary to the king before he became a monk. Interested in limiting Syrian influence in Armenia, he developed an alphabet for Armenian and translated the New Testament and Proverbs into his native language. He was responsible for having the liturgy and other Christian works translated as well. An opponent of the teaching of Theodore of Mopsuestia, Mesrop was a missionary in Georgia and is thought to have developed the Georgian alphabet as well. On the death of St. Isaac the Great in 438, Mesrop was elected to succeed him as Catholicos, an office he held until his death c. 440.

Karen Rae Keck


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