St. James the Apostle, Brother of St. John the Evangelist
St. James, with his brother John and the apostle Peter, form an inner
circle within the twelve disciples. James was among the first four chosen;
he and John, fishermen on Lake Genesaret, left their nets to follow Jesus.
James witnessed such events as the raising of Jairus' daughter and, like
his brother and Peter, slept in the garden of Gesthemane. James was the
first of the twelve apostles to have been martyred, beheaded in 42 by
Herod Agrippa. James is the only apostle whose death is mentioned in the
Karen Rae Keck
- The Campostela Legend:
From the XII-XV Centuries, the most popular Roman Catholic
shrine outside of Jerusalem
and Rome was Santiago de Compostela, which claimed to have the relics of
St. James. Legends say that he preached in Spain, although the New
Testament says that no apostle left Palestine before the Council of
Jerusalem (49). Other legends say that the body of the saint was put into
a boat which drifted to Spain. James' reputation as a military protector
and iconography as a pilgrim originate with stories and miracles
associated with this shrine.
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