[St. Pachomius Library]


Date unknown
The commander of Nebuchadnezzar's army in the Book of Judith. He is easily fooled by Judith into supposing that she is his ally, a kind of psychic spy who will reveal when the Israelites have sinned and are therefore vulnerable to defeat. He also convinces himself that she can be seduced, and invites her to his tent. These mistakes cost the general his life and the army its victory.

Like the other characters in Judith, Holofernes is difficult or impossible to place historically. Spiritually, he represents lust, arrogance, and in general those vices directly opposite to Judith's virtues. In some patristic sources he even represents death or Satan. See the Judith page for details.

--- Norman Hugh Redington

Under construction --- far from complete! Read with caution.


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