St. Hilary of Arles
A relative of Honoratus of Arles, St. Hilarius succeeded him as bishop of
Arles in 429 and wrote the only extant life of his kinsman. Hilary
presided at several councils and was interested in church reform. Prosper
of Aquitaine accused him of being a "semi-Pelagian" because Hilarius did
not share Augustine's thoughts on grace. Hilarius incurred the wrath of
Pope Leo I when he removed three bishops from their sees and appointed new
bishops. Leo demoted Arles from a metropolitan see to a bishopric to
assert papal power over the church in Gaul. Although Leo also restored the
deposed bishops, he did not remove Hilarius from office. Hilary died in
449, and Leo restored Arles as a metropolitanate a year later.
Karen Rae Keck
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