The Schism of East and West
See also Filioque.
- Events of 1054:
1912 Catholic Encyclopedia: (Read with exceptional caution)
Fr. George Attiah:
The Great Schism (1054).
Antioch broke communion with Rome
even earlier, after the retirement of
Pope John XVII (misidentified
in the article as John IX) in 1009. (If
John IX is really meant,
Antioch and Rome were out of communion from 900, but the date
1009 is repeated several times.)
- Francis Dvornik:
The Eleventh Century, (1964).
Byzantium and the Roman Primacy,
New York: Fordham, 1966.
- Tia M. Kolbaba:
The Byzantine Lists -- Errors of the Latins, (2000).
University of Illinois, 2000.
Emphasis is on external ritual
differences (e.g. shaving beards,
"unclean" foods, etc.) as contributing
factors to the Schism.
Archbishop Michael of America (GOA):
The Schism of the Roman Catholic Church
from the Eastern Orthodox.
Written for the 900th anniversary.
--- Orthodox Research Institute
Fr. Victor Potapov:
The Great Schism of 1054.
--- St. John's ROCOR Cathedral
Eastern Schism -- A Thing of the Past?
Vatican Radio interview with Uniate iconographer
and ecumenical spokesman Fr. Marko Rupnik, giving the
Roman Catholic perspective.
The Root of the Schism -- Worldly Thinking in the Church.
An interview with
Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople,
2003 December 1.
--- 30 Giorni
- Some people involved in the Schism:
- The "Guest Star":
H. Frommert and C. Kronberg:
M1 (NGC 1952): The Crab Nebula in Taurus.
Changes in Western Culture in the XI Century and Subsequently:
- See also the Year 1000
and Pope Gregory VII.
- Ann Llewellyn Barstow:
Married Priests and the Reforming Papacy --
The Eleventh Century Debate, (1982).
New York: Edward Mellen, 1982.
Brenda Johnstone Flynn:
The Power of Music in Medieval Literature.
An interesting long discussion of one aspect of mediæval
culture and its evolution from pre-Schism to early Renaissance times.
New Saints of the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries --
Meaning Roman Catholic saints, some of whom are almost
certainly Orthodox and some almost certainly not.
- Karl F. Morrison:
The Gregorian Reformation, (1989).
Christian Spirituality, edited by B. McGinn and J. Meyendorff,
(New York: Crossroad, 1989): 177.
- André Vauchez:
La Spiritualité du moyen âge
occidental, VIIIe-XIIIe siècles, (1975).
Presses Universitaires de France, 1975.
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