[St. Pachomius Library]


Hebrew GADER, Arabic UM-QEIS
Famous Hellenised city in Syria, one of the ten known as the Decapolis. The miracle of the Gadarene swine probably did not take place here, although there is some confusion of spelling between manuscripts. Gadara was a centre of high culture and home to a number of celebrated Greek philosophers; the Cynic school, sometimes thought to have influenced early Christianity, was particularly strong. According to Jewish legend, Gadara was named for the vineyard wall (gader) where Balaam's ass halted.


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