Under Emperor Haile Selassie I, Eritrea was transfered from the failed Italian Empire to Ethiopia, but a strong nationalist movement opposed Ethiopian rule. When the country attained independence in 1993, the Eritrean church, with the backing of Coptic officials in Egypt, declared itself autocephalous. Subsequent relations between the Ethiopian and Eritrean Churches, like those between the corresponding nations, have been difficult to say the least.
Norman Hugh Redington
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