[St. Pachomius Library]


Old Persian HAGMATANA, Modern Persian HAMADAN

The capital of the kingdom of the Medes. Ecbatana was attacked by Cyrus the Great around 550 BC [Chronicle of Nabonidus] when he conquered the Medes and united them to Persia. It was attacked again by Darius I when it became the centre of a Median nationalist revolt. Under Persian rule it was the site of a secondary or summer capital of the Empire.

The attack of Nebuchadnezzar on Ecbatana described in the Book of Judith is not attested historically, unless "Nebuchadnezzar" is a code-name for the King of Persia; in any case, Judith seems to have a perhaps-deliberately ambiguous historical setting.

Under construction --- far from complete! Read with caution.


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