The pair were called to Rome a few years later to defend their use of the vernacular. Cyril is said to have presented Adrian II with the relics of Clement of Rome, after which the pope consented to the use of Slavonic. Cyril entered a monastery near Rome, where he died in 869. Frescoes in San Clemente depict his funeral, and his grave is in the basilica.
Methodius continued to translate liturgical texts into Slavonic after the death of his brother. In Rome, Adrian II had consecrated him bishop of Pannonia and Moravia; he returned to his see in 870. Louis the German captured him and imprisoned him for two years before John VIII secured his release. In 878, Methodius was summoned to Rome to defend a second time the use of the vernacular in the church. He was allowed to continue to use it, but Stephen V/VI tried to outlaw its use after Methodius' repose in 885.
Karen Rae Keck
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