The Holy Cross
Under construction --- far from complete! Read with caution.
- St. Antipater of Bostra:
- The Written Symbol of the Cross:
including the "Chi-Rho" Christogram:
In D. Mouriki et al., eds.,
Byzantine East, Latin West,
Princeton University Dept. of Art and Archaeology, 1995.
Very interesting history of the XP ligature,
which was used to mean "time" (chronos)
or "100 men" (hekatontarchia) in
imperial Roman texts before Constantine,
and of the barred-rho, now usually read as
XP but originally abbreviating the -taur-
in stauros ("cross").
- Erika Dinkler-von Schubert:
CTAYPOC: Vom "Wort von Kreuz"
zum Kreuz-Symbol, (1995).
Exaltation of the Cross
Return to St Pachomius Library.