Councils of the Church
See also Conciliarity.
Apostolic Council of Jerusalem, ca. 50:
Local Councils of Carthage, 251-8:
[Rejected] Local Council of Elvira, ca. 303:
Local Council of Antioch which condemned Paul of Samosata:
Local Council of Ancyra, 314:
Local Council of Neocæsarea, ca. 315:
FIRST ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Nicæa, 325:
proclaimed the Son of one essence with the Father, fixed the date of
Local Council of Gangra, 325-381:
Local Council of Antioch in Encæniis, 341:
Local Council of Sardica, 343:
Local Council of Laodicea in Phrygia Pacatiana, 343-381:
SECOND ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Constantinople, 381: Completed
the Nicene Creed; defended the divinity of the Holy Spirit, opposing
Local Council at Constantinople, 382:
Local Council of Constantinople, 394:
Local Council of Carthage, 419:
THIRD ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Ephesus, 431:
Virgin Mary to be Theotokos, opposing Nestorius. Also opposed Pelagianism
and other heresies.
Local Council at Constantinople, 448:
[Rejected] "Ecumenical" Council of Ephesus,
[the "Latrocinium" or "Robber Synod"], 448:
FOURTH ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Chalcedon, 451:
Christ to have two natures, contrary to Eutyches. This Council is rejected
by the Non-Chalcedonian Orthodox, who however also oppose Eutychian
Local Council of Orange, 529: The
purpose of this Western Council was to condemn the Semi-Pelagian heresy,
Orthodox feel it went too far and reject it.
FIFTH ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Constantinople, 553:
Origen and the Three Chapters.
- Local Council of Whitby, 663-664:
Attempted to resolve disputes between the Celtic and Roman churches
over a variety of issues but principally over the date of Easter.
Local Council of Toledo, 675:
This Council used filioquist language and is rejected by most
SIXTH ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Constantinople, 680-681:
Proclaimed that Christ had two wills.
The Quinsext Council "in Trullo", Constantinople, 692:
Attempted to consolidate the work of the Councils, in
particular by ratifying the canons of certain local
synods as ecumenical.
[Rejected] "Ecumenical" Council of Constantinople, 754:
Condemned the veneration of ikons.
SEVENTH ECUMENICAL COUNCIL, Nicæa, 787:
Endorsed the veneration of ikons.
[Rejected] Local Council of Frankfurt, 794:
Semi-iconoclast Carolingian council.
[Rejected] Local Council of Aachen, 794:
Filioquist Carolingian council.
Local Council of Constantinople, 861:
Local Council of Constantinople, 867:
Council of Constantinople, 869-870:
Condemned St. Photius.
Imperial Council of Constantinople, 879-880:
Rehabilitated Photius, condemned the
Filioque. Considered by some to be the
"Eighth Ecumenical Council", but this
designation has never been officially
or widely adopted.
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