St. Celestine I, Pope of Rome
The founder of the papal diplomatic service, Pope/St. Celestine I was born
in the Campania and served as a deacon under Innocent I. Elected pope in
422, Celestine confiscated the property of Novatianite churches and
restored a basilica in St. Mary Travestere after it had been damaged in
Alaric's sack of Rome. Although Celestine confirmed the appointment of
Nestorius to the see of Constantinople, the pope opposed Nestorius'
teachings and supported Cyril of Alexandria in the conflict between the
two patriarchs. Celestine also combatted Pelagianism and semi-Pelagianism
in southern Gaul and in Britain. He is supposed to have sent Palladius to
evangelize Ireland in 431. Celestine died in the following year and was
buried in the cemetary of Priscilla.
Karen Rae Keck
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