Cultural and (in Hellenistic times) political capital of Egypt.
Centre of Greek influence in that country (even today). In ancient
times, because of the famous Library and Museum, the largest university
town in the Mediterranean world; also site of a large Jewish colony.
The Alexandrian school, (both
a literal institution and a way of thinking), exerted enormous
influence on early Christian philosophy. Since the era of Chalcedon,
there have been both "Melkite" (pro-Chalcedonian, in practice
Greek -- not to be confused with Eastern Rite Catholic Melkite)
and "Coptic" (non-Chalcedonian) patriarchs of Alexandria.
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