[St. Pachomius Library]

Alexandria, Egypt

Cultural and (in Hellenistic times) political capital of Egypt. Centre of Greek influence in that country (even today). In ancient times, because of the famous Library and Museum, the largest university town in the Mediterranean world; also site of a large Jewish colony. The Alexandrian school, (both a literal institution and a way of thinking), exerted enormous influence on early Christian philosophy. Since the era of Chalcedon, there have been both "Melkite" (pro-Chalcedonian, in practice Greek -- not to be confused with Eastern Rite Catholic Melkite) and "Coptic" (non-Chalcedonian) patriarchs of Alexandria.

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