French AIX-LA-CHAPELLE; Latin AQUISGRANUM
Originally a Roman medical-resort town, later
capital of the Frankish
- CATHEDRAL: Begun in 796 by the
architect Udo of
Metz. It was patterned after the
famous Byzantine church of San Vitale in
Ravenna. The cathedral was the site of the
coronation and sometimes the burial of
Western Emperors, and was also famous for its
relics, many of them brought there before the
Schism. These include (according to the Catholic
Encyclopedia) "the cloak of the Blessed Virgin,
the swaddling-clothes of the Infant Jesus, the
loin-cloth worn by Our Lord on the Cross, and the
cloth on which lay the head of St. John the Baptist
after his beheading."
Roman Catholic cathedral. Includes a
beautiful recording of the IX Century
hymn Christus Vincit.
Trésor d'Aix-la-Chapelle, ou, courte
déscription des saintes réliques
[Aachen: Vlieckx, 1825]
Karl's des Grossen Pfalzkapelle und ihre Kunstschätze
by Franz Bock
[Cologne: Schwann, 1865]
COUNCILS OF AACHEN:
A series of Frankish local councils held
between 789 and 1023.
One of these synods, held in 809, famously
asserted the validity of the
Filioque. This council was rejected by
Pope Leo III, and soon
the Frankish Church moved toward more Orthodox
and traditional positions; the roots of the later
Great Schism, however, are often traced in part to Aachen.
The Orthodox councils at Aachen in the second decade
of the IX Century brought about the increasing standardisation
of monasticism in the West, with the Benedictine Order
(as reformed by St. Benedict of Aniane) made pre-eminent
and new rules governing canons and canonesses brought into
effect. The Council of 799 is famous for the defeat of
Adoptionism, which had become a major force in Spain
through the influence of Felix, Bishop of Urgel.
2013 January 25
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