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Eusebius Pamphilus, Bishop of Cæsarea in Palestine:
Book Seven, Chapters Twenty-Seven through Twenty-Nine

Translated by Arthur Cushman McGiffert, 1890.

Chapter XXVII

Paul of Samosata, and the Heresy Introduced by Him at Antioch.

1 After Xystus had presided over the church of Rome for eleven years [actually eleven months, according to Roman records], Dionysius, namesake of him of Alexandria, succeeded him. About the same time Demetrianus died in Antioch, and Paul of Samosata received that episcopate.

2 As he held, contrary to the teaching of the Church, low and degraded views of Christ, namely, that in his nature he was a common man, Dionysius of Alexandria was entreated to come to the synod. But being unable to come on account of age and physical weakness, he gave his opinion on the subject under consideration by letter. But all the other pastors of the churches from all directions, made haste to assemble at Antioch, as against a despoiler of the flock of Christ.

Chapter XXVIII

The Illustrious Bishops of that Time.

1 Of these, the most eminent were Firmilianus, bishop of Cæsarea in Cappadocia; the brothers Gregory [Thaumaturgus] and Athenodorus, pastors of the churches in Pontus; Helenus of the parish of Tarsus, and Nicomas of Iconium moreover, Hymenæus, of the church of Jerusalem, and Theotecnus of the neighboring church of Cæsarea; and besides these Maximus, who presided in a distinguished manner over the brethren in Bostra. If any should count them up he could not fail to note a great many others, besides presbyters and deacons, who were at that time assembled for the same cause in the above-mentioned city. But these were the most illustrious.

2 When all of these assembled at different times and frequently to consider these matters, the arguments and questions were discussed at every meeting; the adherents of the Samosatian endeavoring to cover and conceal his heterodoxy, and the others striving zealously to lay bare and make manifest his heresy and blasphemy against Christ.

3 Meanwhile, Dionysius died in the twelfth year of the reign of Gallienus, having held the episcopate of Alexandria for seventeen years, and Maximus succeeded him.

4 Gallienus after a reign of fifteen years was succeeded by Claudius, who in two years delivered the government to Aurelian.

Chapter XXIX

Paul, Having Been Refuted by Malchion, a Presbyter from the Sophists, Was Excommunicated.

1 During his reign a final synod composed of a great many bishops was held, and the leader of heresy in Antioch [i.e. Paul] was detected, and his false doctrine clearly shown before all, and he was excommunicated from the Catholic Church under heaven.

2 Malchion especially drew him out of his hiding-place and refuted him. He was a man learned in other respects, and principal of the sophist school of Grecian learning in Antioch; yet on account of the superior nobility of his faith in Christ he had been made a presbyter of that parish. This man, having conducted a discussion with him, which was taken down by stenographers and which we know is still extant, was alone able to detect the man who dissembled and deceived the others.

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    The St. Pachomius Orthodox Library, Synaxis of the Apostles 1998.

    Have mercy, O Lord, upon Thy servant the translator Arthur and on Daniel.